Food of the Gods by Terence McKenna
Thom Hartmann's "Independent Thinker" Book of the Month Review
Food of the Gods by Terence McKenna
reviewed by Thom Hartmann
I took some drugs today to help me write this review. Specifically, a xanthine-family drug called caffeine that appears in the berries of a largely equatorial bush, along with a few weaker xanthine-family alkaloids that aren't as well known but are also present in the coffee bean.
Last night before going to bed, I took another drug. Fermented from the fruit of a vine grown in the south of France, the alcohol in the glass of wine I drank altered my consciousness in a way I found pleasant, while the raw juice (wine is not heated) contains, its promoters say, some other chemicals that may be good for my heart.
Fact is, we're a society of drug-takers. Outside of Mormons, Seventh Day Adventists and Jehovah Witnesses (and a few other smaller mostly Christian sects), we as a society nearly all take drugs specifically to alter consciousness. We use the most addictive drug known to human kind -- five times more addictive than heroin -- in a way that earns the tobacco barons billions of profits every year. The three primary drugs of our culture -- caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol -- are ubiquitous. As are other drugs McKenna takes aim at -- sugar, chocolate, and television.
And, says Terence McKenna, they're the wrong drugs for us to be using. Or at least some of us.
In "Food of the Gods: The search for the original tree of knowledge," McKenna points out that in indigenous and aboriginal societies, it's not the "average person" who takes strong psychedelic plants to tear open what Aldous Huxley referred to as the "doors of perception" and lead us into other worlds. Instead, it's the shamans. It's not the ill person who takes the drug -- it's the healer. And using that substance, the shaman steps into the more-real-than-real world that parallels this like Plato's cave-images, to manipulate the fundamental stuff of reality or entreat the spirits who reside there to help and heal.
In fact, McKenna warns us away from some drugs, like the sip of coffee I just took. The "accepted" drugs of our culture, he points out, are the ones that enhance brain and personality function appropriate to hierarchical, male-dominated cultures. The "unacceptable" drugs -- from pot to mushrooms to peyote -- all are interwoven in egalitarian cultures.
Perhaps the most intriguing assertion McKenna makes is that human consciousness came about in its present form as the direct result of the interaction of higher primates with psychoactive plants (primarily mushrooms, in his opinion), which amped up and increased the complexity of our brains, giving these newer primates (us) an evolutionary advantage.
Calling for an "Archaic Revival" (the title of another of his books), McKenna says:
Obviously, we cannot continue to think about drug use in the same old
ways. As a global society, we must find a new guiding image for our culture,
one that unifies the aspirations of humanity with the needs of the planet
and the individual. Analysis of the existential incompleteness within us
that drives to form relationships of dependency and addiction with plants
and drugs will show that at the dawn of history, we lost something precious,
the absence of which has made us ill with narcissism. Only a recovery of
the relationship that we evolved with nature through use of psychoactive
plants before the fall into history can offer us hope of a humane and open-ended
"Before we commit ourselves irrevocably to the chimera of a drug-free culture purchased at the price of a complete jettisoning of the ideals of a free and democratic planetary society, we must ask hard questions. Why, as a species, are we so fascinated by altered states of consciousness? What has been their impact on our esthetic and spiritual aspirations? What have we lost by denying the legitimacy of each individual's drive to use substances to experience personally the transcendental and the sacred? My hope in answering these questions will force us to confront the consequences of denying nature's spiritual dimension, of seeing nature as nothing more than a "resource" to be fought over and plundered. Informed discussion of these issues will give no comfort to the control-obsessed, no comfort to know-nothing religious fundamentalism, no comfort to beige fascism of whatever form.
"The question of how we, as a society and as individuals, relate to psychoactive plants in the late twentieth century, raises a larger question: how, over time, have we been shaped by the shifting alliances that we have formed and broken with various members of the vegetable world as we have made our way through the maze of history?"
McKenna points to the story of the Garden of Eden -- the original drug bust, as he calls it -- and adds:
"If we do not learn from our past, this story could end with a planet
toxified, its forests a memory, its biological cohesion shattered, our
birth legacy a weed-choked wasteland. ... If we can recover the lost sense
of nature as a living mystery, we can be confident of new perspectives
on the cultural adventure that surely must lie ahead. We have the opportunity
to move away from the gloomy historical nihilism that characterizes the
reign of our deeply patriarchal, dominator culture. We are in a position
to regain the Archaic appreciation of our near-symbiotic relationship with
psychoactive plants as a wellspring of insight and coordination flowing
from the vegetable world to the human world.
"The mystery of our own consciousness and powers of self-reflection is somehow linked to this channel of communication with the unseen mind that shamans insist is the spirit of the living world of nature. For shamans and shamanic cultures, exploration of this mystery has always been a credible alternative to living in a confining materialist culture. We of the industrial democracies can choose to explore these unfamiliar dimensions now, or we can wait until the advancing destruction of the living planet makes all further exploration irrelevant. ...
"Our culture, self-toxified by the poisonous by-products of technology and egocentric ideology, is the unhappy inheritor of the dominator attitude that alteration of consciousness by the use of plants or substances is somehow wrong, onanistic, and perversely antisocial. ...[S]uppression of shamanic gnosis, with its reliance and insistence on ecstatic dissolution of the ego, has robbed us of life's meaning and made us enemies of the planet, of ourselves, and our grandchildren. We are killing the planet in order to keep intact the wrongheaded assumptions of the ego-dominator cultural style.
"It is time for a change."
"Food of the Gods" is a thoroughly researched, startling inquiry into the relationship -- a necessary relationship, McKenna argues -- between humans and the plant world, particularly those plants that carry the ability to alter consciousness. He traces this relationship through dozens of cultures on several continents, over tens of thousands of years. And suggests that unless we drop our wall of denial of this relationship, and re-embrace our fellow inhabitants of this Gaian planet, we will continue along the path of conquest, war, destruction, and ultimately, our own cultural and planetary suicide.
This book is an excellent introduction to McKenna. I also found particularly
fascinating his books "True Hallucinations" and his collaboration with
Ralph Abraham and Rupert Sheldrake, "Trialogues at the Edge of the West."
Regardless of your personal inclination to experiment with, or advocate
for or against, psychoactive plants, you'll find it a fascinating and thought-provoking
read that extends well beyond the realm of psychopharmacology and reaches
deeply into our cultural underpinnings -- and our culture's possible futures.
THOM HARTMANN'S "INDEPENDENT THINKER" BOOK OF THE MONTH REVIEW
Get your copy of "Food of the Gods" from the BuzzFlash Progressive Marketplace.
Also read: "Neuroscientists find God in mushrooms," Jeremy Laurance,
New Zealand Herald, July 12, 2006
Thom Hartmann (thom at thomhartmann.com) is a Project Censored Award-winning best-selling author, and host of a nationally syndicated daily progressive talk show and a morning progressive talk show on KPOJ in Portland, Oregon. www.thomhartmann.com His most recent books are "The Last Hours of Ancient Sunlight," "Unequal Protection," "We The People," "The Edison Gene", and "What Would Jefferson Do?"
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The pleasure principle
Submitted by earthling on Sat, 01/06/2007 - 2:11pm.
In a fascist state pleasure is unacceptable. A populace is made to be afraid, anxious, dependent and too numb to think, and the pursuit of happiness is taboo. Pleasurable activities are forced underground, made into a commodity and creative thought is pushed into the fringes. This fosters addictive and perverse behavior in many people, and a reduction in overall health.
I strongly believe that a healthy culture accepts pleasure and leisure, happiness and contemplation, keeping it in plain sight, not pushing it into the shadows. This is part of enlightenment, shining the light of our attention and awareness toward improving the quality of our existence.
McKenna, Abraham, Sheldrake Trialogues in MP3 format
Submitted by Lorenzo Hagerty on Thu, 01/04/2007 - 2:12pm.
I've been podcasting the Trialogues at the Edge of the West that Thom mentions above. You can find them in podcast format (MP3), and for free, beginning at:
Food of the Dogs
Submitted by Victor on Thu, 01/04/2007 - 9:10am.
Therefore, the only legal biotic drugs are those that contribute to subservience to the corporate masters: nicotine and caffeine to fire you through the hours of wage-slavery and alcohol to anesthetize your conscience to the crimes of the day.
food of dogs
Submitted by strap buckner on Thu, 01/04/2007 - 12:30pm.
i've read huxley and casteneda, etc. i agree with the premise of the book re: psycho-actives and human development. psychoactives - i call 'em intheagens.
but i must say i've used thc to get me thru many "hours of wage-slavery".
i guess i should have ritually purified myself and waited for the annual shamans convention, but thats not the way it is in our "real" world.
so its all not so black and white as it may seem. i can't rule out positives in caffeine and alcohol, maybe even nicotine.
but generally i agree - lets stop fueling this planet-destroying and soul-killing hypocritical drug war (and war) madness.
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